What is a legacy? In its most common usage, a legacy is money and goods that we leave behind us when we die. Unless the current economy shifts radically, many of my generation (a year or two pre-boomer) may end up spending our assets to survive old age rather than passing them on to our children and grandchildren. But that’s not all the word “legacy” means. It’s also a matter of leaving something behind us, making our mark on the world, finding a way to contribute and be remembered.
For most people, it takes time, age, and experience to do something worth remembering, although that’s not necessarily true. Keats died at 24, Mozart at 35, leaving an enduring legacy of poetry and music respectively. In the popular culture, James Dean, for example, made his mark in his short life. What was James Dean’s legacy exactly? Ask a random group, and they may give multiple answers, but most or all will know who he was.
A dictum of uncertain origin (googling yielded such diverse sources as the Talmud and Jose Marti) states that if you want to leave your mark on the world, have a child, write a book, plant a tree. My son is grown and has produced his own legacy in the form of my two gorgeous granddaughters. My most successful tree “from scratch” (not counting transplants) is a beautiful 17-year-old pink dogwood in my back yard that I brought home from the nursery as a twig in a four-inch pot.
So how about that book? To get a book out in the world where it can carry us into the future, we have not only to write it, but to get it published. Then we have to decide whether to be a one-book author or add to our legacy by writing more. Does stopping at one book invalidate the author’s legacy? It depends on the book. Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird gets my vote as Great American Novel of the 20th century, not because it’s my favorite (I liked it, but it’s not) but because I’ve heard it consistently cited, not only by avid readers but also by people who don’t ordinarily read fiction at all. (Do a search for it on MySpace if you don’t believe me.) Harper Lee, by the way, is said to have explained her decision to stop by asking why try to do it again when you’ve gotten it so right the first time.
Some authors are criticized for writing the same book over and over. So writers, if they care about such criticism, are under pressure to build diversity into their voice, their plots, their themes, and their characters. In some cases, it’s a matter of getting stuck at or going beyond the autobiographical novel. For example, I’d say Thomas Wolfe wrote the same novel four times over. Are his books still read? Not much, though everybody remembers that one of the all-time great editors, Maxwell Perkins, created bestsellers in their time by taking a figurative axe to Wolfe’s hundreds of pages of sloppy manuscript.
But what about books—such as mystery series—that are expected to replicate a formula from book to book? It depends. Robert B. Parker, for example, has never varied his voice: to my ear, his more recent series protagonists sound just like Spenser. And you know what will happen in a Spenser book: Spenser and Hawk will trade quips, Spenser and Susan Silverman will joke about sex, and Spenser will kill one or more bad guys without getting into any trouble with the law. Yet Parker’s books are widely read, beloved, and perennially in print. Furthermore, I think their popularity will live after him, as have the Sherlock Holmes and Nero Wolfe books.
Authors who pass the diversity test do so in different ways. Subgenre, setting, and theme are all powerful ways to write a different book each time. Betty Webb’s hardhitting Lena Jones series has taken on enormous social issues and actually influenced legislation on present-day polygamy; her new series is lighthearted and set in a zoo. Nevada Barr sets each of her books in a different national park, but what she does with the setting goes far beyond backdrop. Blind Descent, about caving, makes claustrophobic readers cringe. Firestorm is a terrifying read for those who fear fire. And if your worst nightmare is drowning in icy water, try A Superior Death.
How do my own books measure up? My first mystery, Death Will Get You Sober, is not autobiographical, thanks to the fact that I’d been writing—and living—for many decades before it got published. The main characters will reappear in the second, Death Will Help You Leave Him. But I am determined not to write about the early stages of recovery from alcoholism over and over. Bruce hit bottom, admitted he was an alcoholic, and now he’s moving on. The second book is about a related but independent theme: addictive relationships. In the age of the Internet and disposable information, I’m not sure my books will last long enough to be a legacy. But I’m doing what I can to make my mark.